Chypre

The term chypre has a long history of use in perfumery. French for Cyprus, chypre originally referred to fragrances made using materials endemic to the island. Its modern usage dates to 1917 to the release of Coty's Chypre. His fragrance took inspiration from the chypre fragrances of old and modernized the accord. Since 1917, the term has been used to refer to fragrances that contain a combination of oakmoss, cistus labdanum, bergamot and patchouli. In recent years, as restrictions have hampered the used of oakmoss in fragrances, so-called modern chypres have increasingly relied on patchouli and treemoss to create the characteristically earthy-mossy effect.

Chypres can vary wildly from the sparkling effervescent of citrus chypres to the dark, woodiness of classic chypres. One thing that links all of these fragrances is a decidedly 'perfumey' character—chypres are abstract portraits rather than attempts to replicate nature faithfully. As such, they possess a refined, glamorous character. Sub-categories within the Chypre family include citrus fruity chypres, white floral chypres, gourmand chypres and green chypres.

ICONIC CHYPRE FRAGRANCES  Calèche, Hermès; Chypre de Coty, Coty; Coriandre, Jean Couturier; Crêpe de Chine, Millot; Diva, Ungaro; Eau Fraîche, Dior; Gucci Rush, Gucci; Halston, Halston; Halston Z-14, Halston; Irisch Moos/Irish Moss, Mäurer & Wirtz (Muelhens); Ma Griffe, Carven; Miss Dior L'Originale (Miss Dior), Dior; Mitsouko, Guerlain; Moustache, Rochas; Narciso Rodriguez for Her, Narciso Rodriguez; Paloma Picasso 'Mon Parfum', Paloma Picasso; Pour Monsieur, Chanel; Red, Giorgio Beverly Hills; Salvador Dalí 'Le Parfum', Salvador Dalí